Signs of..

Struggling with mental health is common. The earlier you get treatment the easier it will be to get better. See below for signs and descriptions of psychotic disorders.

Schizophrenia Spectrum

and Other Psychotic Disorders

This category includes a wide range of diagnosis, including (but not limited to) Schizophrenia, Brief Psychotic Disorder, and Delusional Disorder. Below are signs related to diagnosis that are in the category of Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders. Please keep in mind that it can be difficult to understand the symptoms associated with a psychotic disorder if you are not a mental health professional or familiar with the symptoms in some other way. If you think that you or someone you know might be experiencing any of the symptoms below, I recommend you reach out to a professional to get some assistance-it is always better to catch a mental health difficulty sooner rather than later. 

The information below includes information from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM–5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Signs of a Schizophrenia Spectrum &

Other Psychotic Disorders

  • Hallucinations-Seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting people/voices/things that are not present to others

  • Delusions-False beliefs (See below for a list of the different types of delusions people can experience)

  • Disorganized speech-Incoherent speech, speech that is easily derailed, or speech that does not make sense

  • Talking in metaphors 

  • Disorganized behavior 

  • Poor hygiene and/or regularly having a disheveled appearance

  • Lack of response to the environment

  • Diminished emotional expression

  • Lack of motivation or initiative

  • Depression

  • Mania (Click on the "BiPolar" link for a description of mania)

Types of delusions

  • Believing (falsely) that you have some great talent, insight, or made an important discovery

  • Believing (falsely) that another person is in love with you

  • Believing (falsely) that your spouse or partner is unfaithful

  • Believing (falsely) that you are being conspired against, cheated, spied on, followed, poisoned, drugged, harassed, or obstructed in the pursuit of long term goals

  • Believing (falsely) about bodily functions and sensations

  • Mixed delusion: when there are many different types of delusions

  • Unspecified delusion: when the delusional belief cannot be clearly determined


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.